Social Impact Assessment (SIA) is a methodology to review the social effects of infrastructure projects and other development interventions. SIA includes the processes of analyzing, monitoring and managing the intended and unintended social consequences both positive and negative of planned interventions and any social change processes invoked by those interventions. Its primary purpose is to bring about a more sustainable and equitable biophysical and human environment.
And, Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a process of evaluating the likely environmental impacts of a proposed project or development, taking into account inter-related socio-economic, cultural and human-health impacts, both beneficial and adverse. It is defined as an activity designed to identify the impact on the bio-geophysical environment, on man and well-being of legislative proposals, projects, policies, operational procedures and to interpret and communicate information.
Bangladesh is one of the most climate change vulnerable country in the world. And also a low carbon emitting country even among the developing countries, likely to be one of the worst sufferers of global warming. It is experienced that climate change has already enhanced the frequency and intensity of floods, droughts and cyclones in Bangladesh and would have negative impact on water resources, land, crop agriculture & food security, fisheries, livestock, forestry, bio-diversity, and human health as well.
Environmental and social impact assessment consists of a multidisciplinary approach, which combines the evaluation of the economic aspects of a project - based on cost-benefit ratios with the environmental consequences of undertaking the project. In response to the above, Bangladesh has taken lots of environment & climate friendly sustainable green initiative to protect the countries environmental degradation. And Government of Bangladesh has instructed to emphasize on every projects social & environmental impact assessment. It is the very important factor in terms of environmental degradation on current scenario.
Considering above, SFCS coupled a good number of professional and technical expertise along with extensive industry knowledge to assessment of social & environmental impact assessment on any industrial project with sustainable green solutions to protect the countries environmental degradation to achieving government’s Sustainable Development Goal (SDG).