Bangladesh is one of the world's top rice-consuming countries. The per capita rice consumption stoodat196.6 kilograms in FY2016 and 196.3 kilograms in FY2017 (The University of Arkansas, 2017). Rice is the most important cereal and staple food which provide more than 70 percent of the total calorie intake in Bangladesh (Zaman, Mishima, Hisano, & Gergely, 2001). Bangladesh has three seasons of rice production namely Aus (summer), Aman (winter) and Boro (spring). The aggregated production of Aus (2.6 million MT), Aman (13.2 million MT) and Boro (18.7 million MT) paddies has been estimated to be 34.5 million metric tons (MT) in FY2016 by using total 11.77 million hectares (HA) of land (Lagos & Hossain, 2016)which is more than 75 percent of total cropped land (BARC, 2011).
However, after harvesting paddy from the crops field, it needs to be processed for consumption. There are three stages of rice processing which includes parboiling, drying, and milling. This process can be conducted both at home and at the rice mill. The small scale paddy processing is conducted at home for the non-commercial purpose, precisely for the family consumption. Dheki1is the main instrument to process paddy after it is parboiled and dried. Another way of small scale paddy processing is conducted in the village rice mill or small husking mill for the family consumption. Small rice husking machine can also be the main instrument to process paddy after it is parboiled and dried at home. The large scale of paddy processing is mainly conducted by the rice mill which is known as a commercial milling center.
Generally, two types of commercial mills are available in Bangladesh: modern or automated rice mill and husking or traditional rice mill. Modern or automatic rice mills holds out roughly all activities through a mechanical process, including categorization of rocks & unfilled grains, grain marinating, boiling, drying, milling, polishing & bagging. On the other hand, traditional commercial mills or Husking mill is the oldest processing method of paddy. They are often made of wood with few metal components and are often driven by a single power source through a system of transmissions (Islam, 2014). This study mainly focuses on commercial milling system of Bangladesh.
Considering above, SFCS coupled a good number of professional and technical expertise along with extensive industry knowledge to provide the sustainable total solutions to establish a Auto Rice Milling Plant with cost effective manner.